On Balance Volume OBV Technical Indicators Education



on balance volume indicator

In the image given above, the chart shows price movement with the help of candlesticks, while the second graph represents the OBV line. As you can see, as the OBV line rises, the price of the underlying moves up as well. Asktraders is a free website that is supported by our advertising partners. As such we may earn a commision when you make a purchase after following a link from our website.

John Murphy’s Technical Analysis of the Financial Markets covers it all with explanations that are simple and clear. Murphy covers all the major charts patterns and indicators, including OBV. A complete chapter is devoted to understanding volume and open interest.

on balance volume indicator

For traders that want to get the early signals that the OBV indicator provides, but prefer to play it safe and wait for confirmation, traders can combine the tool with various moving averages. In the supplied example, a trader would spot a signal on OBV but would wait for a break of the 50-day moving average before actually taking a position. A negative on-balance volume means two things – 1) today’s price is lower than yesterday’s closing price; 2) today’s trading volume is higher than yesterday’s trading volume. A negative on-balance volume usually signals an increased selling pressure and a potential bearish trend. While the OBV factors all volume, the cumulative delta volume indicator reflects only the volume that occurs on the bid and ask sides.

Traders who are trend followers may use the OBV’s signals in conjunction with indicators that help identify the trend. OBV Can Provide False SignalsLike any technical indicator, the OBV can provide false signals, leading to losses if traders act on them. It is important to use the OBV in combination with other indicators and analysis techniques to reduce the risk of false signals. The OBV line is then plotted on a chart and can be used by traders to identify potential trend reversals and confirm price trends. Volume patterns provide an indication of the strength or conviction behind price advances or declines for a stock or sector or even the entire market.



This indicator plots horizontal lines at the daily high and low levels of the On Balance Volume (OBV). The numerical lines for each day are updated in real-time as the OBV high and low values change. Please note that there are limitations on how far back in history the indicator can go due to Pine Script’s object drawing limitations. Think of the OBV as the more complete indicator and of the cumulative delta volume as the niche indicator.

  • Otherwise, enter a buy trade if the OBV crosses above the 20 EMA and price action breaks out of the lower Bollinger and closes back in.
  • A negative on-balance volume means two things – 1) today’s price is lower than yesterday’s closing price; 2) today’s trading volume is higher than yesterday’s trading volume.
  • Although it can supply traders with early signals to take action on, it occasionally will give false readings that can lead to losses.
  • Volume patterns provide an indication of the strength or conviction behind price advances or declines for a stock or sector or even the entire market.
  • In this case, bears took control of price and increased the selling pressure which caused the price to break down.

Additionally, traders may use the OBV to confirm other technical indicators, such as the Relative Strength Index (RSI). Chartists should instead focus on the characteristics of the OBV line. Second, determine if the current trend matches the trend for the underlying security. Once broken, the trend for OBV will change and these breaks can be used to generate signals. Therefore, closing prices should be considered when looking for divergences or support/resistance breaks. Finally, volume spikes can sometimes throw off the indicator by causing a sharp move that will require a settling period.

The Top Brokers For Trading OBV

When the public then moves into the security, both the security and the On Balance Volume will surge ahead. HowToTrade.com helps traders of all levels learn how to trade the financial markets. For one, the On Balance Volume indicator is at its worst in a ranging market. It gives false signals when the market doesn’t have a definite upward or downward direction. As a result, you would need to rely on other indicators to filter out its many false signals in the ranging markets. Finally, you can trade the On Balance Volume with moving averages.

Because of this, we consider the indicator inconclusive in terms of price analysis data. This means the trader has to take a leap of faith on each generated signal. These situations are what we usually call a bull or bear exhaustion. The idea is that a rising market should be accompanied by an increasing volume. That is because to keep pushing the price up, market participants require increasing enthusiasm.

Spotting Major Trend Reversals With OBV Bullish Divergences

In this article, we take you on a journey toward unraveling the mechanisms and interpretation of the On-Balance Volume. We also show how to incorporate it into your trading strategies. Finally, we highlighted the benefits and limitations derived from the indicator.

Volume flow is a great way to identify money moving into a stock or out of a stock. Chartists can look for divergences between the on balance volume study and price to predict price movements or use the on balance volume to confirm price trends. Let’s price action indicators talk about on balance volume study (The OBV) in Thinkorswim (TOS). Joe Granville introduced the OBV in his 1963 book, Granville’s New Key to Stock Market Profits. It was one of the first indicators to measure positive and negative volume flow.

  • Many traders simply use the on-balance volume indicator as a confirming technical indicator of a stock’s price trend.
  • Because volume picks up before the price on stock charts begins to move, it’s considered a leading indicator.
  • Both moved steadily higher from November 2009 until October 2010.
  • Each day our team does live streaming where we focus on real-time group mentoring, coaching, and stock training.

The Bullish Bears trade alerts include both day trade and swing trade alert signals. These are stocks that we post https://bigbostrade.com/ daily in our Discord for our community members. Trading contains substantial risk and is not for every investor.

On Balance Volume indicator – Top 3 OBV Strategies

Most traders consider the OBV the most popular among all volume indicators. It is a real-time indicator, which means it is among the day traders’ favorite tools. So do professionals who want to further complement their analysis by adding some volume-based insights. Draw trend lines from the candle close, not from the candle wicks or candle open. Look at the on balance volume direction, not at the OBV number. The on balance volume study should confirm price action or point out when to ignore the current price action.

Overall, the OBV may assist traders in confirming trends, seeing probable reversals, and spotting bullish and bearish divergences. It can also give traders useful information on buying and selling pressure. The OBV-MACD indicator is a momentum-based technical analysis tool that helps traders identify trend reversals and trend strength. This Pine script is an implementation of the OBV-MACD indicator that uses the On-Balance Volume (OBV) and Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) indicators to provide a momentum data of OBV. To do that, traders start by identifying powerful support and resistance levels.

On Balance Volume (OBV) breakout

However, the OBV indicator should not be viewed as a stand-alone strategy. It is often a good idea to add a lagging indicator as a way of achieving greater balance in price analysis. In each of these ways, the On-Balance Volume indicator emerges as a useful trading tool that can be applied in a wide variety of market conditions. OBV readings can also be used by traders that have developed trend-following strategies.

Understanding On-Balance Volume

Buying pressure is evident when positive volume exceeds negative volume, and the OBV line rises. Selling pressure occurs when negative volume exceeds positive volume, and the OBV line falls. Analysts can use OBV to confirm the underlying trend or look for divergences that may foreshadow a price change. As with all indicators, it’s important to use OBV in conjunction with other aspects of technical analysis. OBV can be combined with basic pattern analysis or to confirm signals from momentum oscillators.

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